Рефераты по иностранным языкам

1 Globalisation

14 Июня 2012, доклад

Presently gathers pace globalisation. Now more and more people argue: "what do globalisation do more harm or good?" The next issues tell us about globalisation. Philip Condit, chairman of Boeing, talks about the problems of turning Boeing into a global company.
In the last thirty years, Philip Condit says, not much has changed. The problem, he says, is not just that employees at Boeing think o

10 Unusual Business Ideas that Made Millionaires

26 Сентября 2014, творческая работа

So you've decided to start a business. Maybe you have a brilliant idea, and you're trying to figure out if it's viable or not. Or maybe you're out of work, or just fed up with your current job, and looking for an alternative.
Whatever the circumstances that have brought you to this point, the first question you need to ask yourself is, "Is owning a business right for me?"

5 Unusual restaurants in the world

13 Апреля 2013, реферат

Today, restaurant is the only place where everyone wants to go for the celebration of any occasion. Many new restaurants are built differently which are liked by the people. They are different in their architecture, in their design and many other things. Restaurants are built today according to the new and different taste of the people who the young generation likes.
Many parties are done in the hotels and restaurants which increases the meaning of the occasion. Many traditional restaurants are built which are the sign of culture and generation. Many theme parties are organized in hotels and restaurants which gives a special meaning to the occasion. So, restaurants are built according to the theme. Great architecture is done in the restaurants due to which people are attracted.

A Brief History of the Oxford University

29 Января 2014, реферат

Oxford is a unique and historic institution. As the oldest English-speaking university in the world, it lays claim to eight centuries of continuous existence. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. In 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, initiated the University's tradition of international scholarship.

A market economy

11 Апреля 2014, контрольная работа

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production and distribution are based on supply and demand,[1] and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.[2] The major defining characteristic of a market economy is that decisions on investment and the allocation of producer goods are mainly made through markets.[3] This is contrasted with a planned economy, where investment and production decisions are embodied in a plan of production.

Access to satellite and Internet television does more harm than good

07 Ноября 2013, сочинение

Many people have strong feelings about the value of television, especially now that programmes are available through satellite and over the Internet. There are those who suggest that increased access to these programmes does more harm than good. However, there are those who insist that is it a good thing.

People from the first category, claim that satellite and Internet TV has a lot of negative sides. For example, some available programmes may not be cultural appropriate. These types of programmes may cause some intellectual and cultural changes in people; people’s speech and vocabulary can get worse. Secondly, people (especially children) have access to programmes with unsuitable content. There are a lot of cases, when children watched inappropriate programmes, so parents were forced to ban these channels. Another bad thing about satellite and Internet TV is that it takes a lot of time. People become addicted, and want to watch TV more and more. In result, children don’t have time for homework and sports; adults have no time for hobbies, family etc.


24 Января 2013, курсовая работа

Accounting has been defined as “the process or art of recording and verifying accounts”. This in itself is not very informative. More helpful would be to review accountancy in much broader terms as a database of information about the activities of an organization which is expressed in monetary terms. It must answer three important questions:

Advantages and disadvantages of the Internet and new technology

04 Апреля 2014, научная работа

We live in the 21st century, which means it's the new age of innovative technologies and features of the Internet. Every day more and more people use Internet in particular social network. Especially the young, from 12 to 25 years. All these technologies are invented people, that is, human possibilities are endless. In a word - The Internet and new technologies has changed the world.

Aesthetics as the Sign Marking Reality

28 Августа 2014, доклад

Everybody realizes that aesthetics is a very important thing as well as it is known what the beauty is. And at the same time everybody has his/her own image of beauty and ugliness.
Our report is devoted to the studies of epic forms. Epics stands in the centre of the collective mind in the period of sacred connection of a person with the world. Epics expresses the reflection of the ancient world-view (). We took two: Acadian Epics of Gilgamesh (IV – III т B C) and Karelian and Finnish Kalevala (). They were created at different periods of time in different regions and by different peoples. Besides we could not work with original texts but we dealt with the translations fulfilled by Dyakonov and Shaginan which are considered to be the best ones. How can we compare them? And are we allowed in fact to compare them?

Affixation. Structural types of words. Immediate constituents

30 Января 2014, реферат

Affixation – the addition of an affix – is a basic meaning of forming words in English. Words which consist of a root and an affix are called derived words or derivatives and are produced by the process of word-building known as affixation or derivation. The process of affixation consists in coining a new word by adding an affix or several affixes to some root morpheme. Affixation is divided into suffixation and prefixation.


13 Декабря 2012, доклад

Рассматриваются основные виды девиантного поведения в обществе. Приведены причины девиантного поведения, которые тесно связаны с пониманием самой природы этого социально-психологического явления.
Long-term alcohol abuse can cause a number of physical symptoms, including cirrhosis of the liver, pancreatitis, epilepsy, polyneuropathy, alcoholic dementia, heart disease, nutritional deficiencies, peptic ulcers and sexual dysfunction, and can eventually be fatal.
Долгосрочное злоупотребление алкоголем может привести к ряду физических симптомов, включая цирроз печени, панкреатит, эпилепсия, полинейропатия, алкогольная деменция, болезнь сердца, недостаточность питания, язвенной болезни желудка и сексуальные дисфункции, и в конечном итоге может привести к летальному исходу.

Alexander Graham Bell

07 Февраля 2013, творческая работа

Born March 3, 1847 Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Died August 2, 1922 (aged 75) Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, Canada. Cause of death Complications from diabetes. Education: University of Edinburg, University College London. Occupation: Inventor Scientist, Engineer, Professor (Boston University), Teacher of the deaf. Known for Inventing the Telephone.

Alimentary System

17 Марта 2013, реферат

The alimentary system (Lt. alimentum :nourishment ) includes all the body structures involved in preparing food for absorption into the body and excretion of waste products ie.
oral cavity

American holidays

22 Февраля 2013, курсовая работа

The purpose of this work is to study main types of holidays in the USA and their history to understand their role and importance in modern American society. It was attempted to fulfill the following tasks:
to describe the most great and famous holidays in America;
to deal with the questions concerning the background of these holidays;
to explore the traditions of celebrating different holidays;
to generalize all the given facts.

Amerika Qo’shma Shtatlari

08 Декабря 2013, реферат

AQSHning iqtisodiy-geografik tasnifi
AQShning XX asrdagi iqtisodiy rivojlanish xususiyatlari
AQShning iqtisodiyoti tarkibi va xususiyatlari
Yaqin o’tmishdagi eng so’nggi ma’lumotlar

Analiza-diagnostic social-economica a localitatii “Stefan Voda” in vederea includerii acesteia in circuitul turistic rural al Republicii Moldova

05 Мая 2014, реферат

Desi este o tara mica, asta nu da dovada de faptul ca aici nu sunt locuri pitoresti de o frumusete rara. Moldova este o tara foarte interesanta, turistii nu vor pleca de aici niciodata nemultumiti. Toate zonele tarii sunt frumoase si au un specific aparte. Odata ce a-ti sosit in Moldova ve-ti simti deodata aerul curat al acestei tari.
In primul rind, Moldova este o tara cu traditii, cultura bogata, folclor, cu un patrimoniu valoros turistic. Necatind la faptul ca este una din tarile din lumea a treia, populatia este civilizata si ospitaliera

Anatolian hypothesis

19 Ноября 2014, доклад

Anatolian hypothesis - one of the main hypotheses about the formation protoindoeuropean people . Locates the Indo-European homeland in western Anatolia (modern Turkey ) . Competes with the Kurgan hypothesis.

Angina pectoris

04 Октября 2013, доклад

Angina pectoris – commonly known as angina – is chest pain due to ischemia of the heart muscle, generally due to obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries.[1] The main cause of Angina pectoris is coronary artery disease, due to atherosclerosis of the arteries feeding the heart. The term derives from the Latin angina ("infection of the throat") from the Greek ἀγχόνη ankhonē ("strangling"), and the Latin pectus ("chest"), and can therefore be translated as "a strangling feeling in the chest".

Antanas Baranauskas

25 Мая 2013, реферат

Antanas Baranauskas (1835 m. sausio 17 d. Anykščiuose, Utenos apskritis – 1902 m. lapkričio 26 d. Seinuose) – Lietuvos poetas, kalbininkas; nuo 1897 m. Seinų vyskupas. Rašytojo A. Vienuolio dėdė.
Gimė Anykščių Jurdzike, valstiečių šeimoje. 1841–1843 m. tėvas mokė jį skaityti ir rašyti lenkiškai. 1845–1848 m. žiemomis lankė pradinę mokyklą Anykščiuose, vasarą ganydavo gyvulius. 1848–1849 m. Gelvonuose buvo klebono Danevičiaus tarnu. Pagal A. Baranausko dienoraščius, tarp 1848 ir 1851 m. jis išmokęs rusiškai. 1851–1853 m. buvo nusiųstas mokytis į Rumšiškių raštininkų mokyklą. Po jos baigimo dirbo valsčių kanceliarijose Sedoje, Vainute, Skuode, Raseiniuose (1853–1856 m.).

Anthony Burgess Biography and his A Clockwork Orange

29 Ноября 2013, реферат

A writer with incredible intellect, Anthony Burgess is best known for his novel, A Clockwork Orange, that portrays a disturbed youth who is violent and feels rejected by society.
Anthony Burgess was born into a Catholic family on February 25, 1917 in Manchester, U.K. His father was a pianist, and his mother was a musical comedy performer who died when Burgess was only a year old.

Aparitia si necesitatea geoeconomiei

01 Октября 2013, реферат

Sfîrşitul secolului al XX se caracterizează prin apariţia unui nou curent în ştiinţa economică şi geografică- geoeconomia. Aceasta este considerată într-un fel “cheia” cunoaşterii lumii contemporane în pragul sec. XXI. Anume Geoeconomia ne face să întelegem că acestă etapă se caracterizează printr-o restructurare global a sistemului economic mondial. Şi anume factorii care au impulsionat acestă restructurare sunt cercetaţi, analizaţi şi explixaţi prin intermedul geoeconomiei.
Acestă ştiinţă este pusă mereu in situaţia de a căuta noi concepţii bine explicate cu referire la situaţia actuală, deaceea geoeconomia are ca piloni şcoala Americană, germană, franceză şi rusă, reprezentanţii cărora în urma diferitor cercetari încercă să abordeze un şir de concepţii geoeconomice.
Scopul referatului dat este de a prezenta membrii fiecărei şcoli geoeconomice şi concepţiile promovate de aceştia. Anume în aşa mod, consider, că va fi posibilă, explicare sensului si scopului de bază al geoeconomiei.

Appreciation «The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin

11 Января 2012, практическая работа

The story of an hour is a dramatic destiny of Mrs. Mallard. The title of the story speaks for itself. The story begins with introduction of main characters to the reader and with description of key events. Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble and her sister Josephine, her husband's friend Richard did their best to break to Mrs. Mallard as gently as possible the news of her husband's death.

Artificial intelligence

03 Октября 2013, реферат

Thinking machines and artificial beings appear in Greek myths, such as Talos of Crete, the bronze robot of Hephaestus, and Pygmalion's Galatea. Human likenesses believed to have intelligence were built in every major civilization: animated cult images were worshipped in Egypt and Greece and humanoid automatons were built by Yan Shi, Hero of Alexandria and Al-Jazari. It was also widely believed that artificial beings had been created by Jābir ibn Hayyān, Judah Loew and Paracelsus. By the 19th and 20th centuries, artificial beings had become a common feature in fiction, as in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein or Karel Čapek's R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots). Stories of these creatures and their fates discuss many of the same hopes, fears and ethical concerns that are presented by artificial intelligence.


12 Февраля 2014, реферат

Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan since 1997, is a thriving and modern city developing at an amazing pace and a major political and cultural center which has already hosted important international forums.
Present day Astana boasts new modern government and business offices, a five star hotel and a number of good quality hotels to accommodate visitors, apartment blocks matching the European standards, beautiful squares and boulevards, modern roads as well as river promenade on both banks of the River Ishim. (Click here for picture gallery.)

Atmospheric Structure and Pollution Sources

26 Апреля 2013, реферат

The atmosphere is the thin layer of gas surrounding earth. Half of the mass of the atmosphere is below a height of 5.5 km, 90% is below 16.5 km, and 99% is below 30 km.

This is what the atmosphere looks like viewed edge on from space. The image is of a small cross-sectional area, note the small curvature of the surface, yet the atmosphere is a small part of the whole. Looking closely, you can see tall thunderstorm clouds silhouetted against an orange layer of atmospheric gases backlit by the sun just below the horizon. Above this layer is the clear blue of the stratosphere and the blackness of space.

Auditing in russia

15 Марта 2014, реферат

In coordination with the Federal law "On auditing work of the audit work, the audit provides an entrepreneurial work on independent verification of accounting and economic (accounting) statements of the organizations and individual businessmen. In the Russian Federation legally the task of the audit the audit is considered to be the expression of the judgment of the auditor on reliability of the economic (accounting) statements of the audited entity and approval of approximately of accounting with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Australian English

12 Июля 2013, доклад

Australian English (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en-AU[1]) is a major variety of the English language and is used throughout Australia. Although English has no official status in the Constitution, Australian English is Australia's de facto official language and is the first language of the majority of the population.
Australian English started diverging from British English after the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788 and was recognised as being different from British English by 1820. It arose from the intermingling of children of early settlers from a great variety of mutually intelligible dialectal regions of theBritish Isles and quickly developed into a distinct variety of English.[2]

Australian English. Main characteristics

01 Июля 2013, курсовая работа

The urgency of conducted analysis is proven by the fact that all types of English language have their own peculiarities which are always difficult to get. The same is true for the Australian English. That is especially takes place and is important for people who have to spend some time in Australia, because even if they know English on a good level they can be very confused by lots of words and expressions Australians often use in their everyday speech. Their history, people, life became the reasons of their language peculiarities. A lot of researches were conducted to examine Australian way of speech and slang.
So, the purpose of conducting this yearly project consists in the determination of such peculiarities and main features of Australian English from different points of view (history, origin, spoken language, slang and so on).


22 Марта 2013, реферат

Baden-Württemberg ist ein Land im Südwesten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Es wurde 1952 durch die Fusion der Länder Württemberg-Baden, Baden und Württemberg-Hohenzollern gegründet. Landeshauptstadt ist Stuttgart. Nach Einwohnerzahl und Fläche steht Baden-Württemberg im Größenvergleich an dritter Stelle der deutschen Länder: Fläche: 35.751,46 km²; Einwohnerzahl: 10,801 Mio.

Balance of Payment

11 Февраля 2014, творческая работа

The structure of the balance of payments.
Balance of payments - is a systematic record the results of all economic transactions between residents of a given country and the rest of the world over a period of time, usually a year. The balance of payments does not reflect individual and aggregate transactions between a country and the other countries.