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The story of an hour is a dramatic destiny of Mrs. Mallard. The title of the story speaks for itself. The story begins with introduction of main characters to the reader and with description of key events. Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble and her sister Josephine, her husband's friend Richard did their best to break to Mrs. Mallard as gently as possible the news of her husband's death.
«The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin
The story of
an hour is a dramatic destiny of Mrs. Mallard. The title of the story
speaks for itself. The story begins with introduction of main characters
to the reader and with description of key events. Mrs. Mallard was afflicted
with a heart trouble and her sister Josephine, her husband's friend
Richard did their best to break to Mrs. Mallard as gently as possible
the news of her husband's death.
The first passage
appears to be exposition, 'cause it contains a short presentation of
time, place and characters of the story. Besides, from the very beginning
the absence of Mrs. Mallard's name draws our attention.
author describes Mrs. Mallard's state, how she accepted the news. He
writes: "She didn't hear the story as many women have heard the
same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance". So
this makes us think that she didn't accept her husband's death as a
fact, but realized its significance for her, perhaps she imagined her
further life without her husband, she started thinking of the way her
life would change.
stood, facing the open window..." There's a slight hint in this
sentence, that those changes will be closely connected with the improvement
of her life and "the open window" the description of awakened
nature in spring suggest it.
Here we should
admit the beauty of the language the author uses. "The delicious
breath of rain... There were patches of blue sky..." The epithet
and metaphor are employed for the expressiveness while describing nature.
moment comes when ... whispered word escaped her slightly parted lips.
She said it over and over under her breath: "Free, free, free!"
It's the climax of the story. The metaphor "escape" reveals
Mrs. Mallard's state. She was unconscious of her dream to be free. Every
inch of her body wished that freedom and now she realized it. She was
even glad that her husband died.
But the oxymoron
"a monstrous joy" suggests that her reaction was abnormal.
She was unhappy in her family life. Her husband "never looked save
with love upon her. And she saw beyond that bitter moment a long procession
of years to come that would belong to her absolutely...she would live
in the sentence "And yet she had loved him - sometimes. Often she
had not." makes us arrive at a definite conclusion that all her
love towards her husband was just an illusion. But still in spite of
all this she shouldn't react in this way, it wasn't correct. She was
too joyful. The metaphor "she was drinking in a very elixir of
life through that open window", the climax "spring days and
summer days and all sorts of days"; the epithet "feverish
triumph in her eyes" are employed to emphasize her state and unnatural
"Cat in the Rain" by Ernest Hemingway
The story under
the title “Cat in the Rain” was written by Ernest Hemingway, one
of the most favourite American novelists, short-story writer and essayist,
whose deceptively simple prose style has influenced wide range of writers.
So, the story
begins with the description of the hotel where two Americans stopped.
It was raining, that’s why the couple stayed in and just a cat in
the rain attracted the young woman’s attention. She wanted to get
the cat inside but failed and was brought another cat.
of the story lies very deeply and we are to uncover it. The story is
written in one mood which constantly and directly increases. It starts
from the beginning where it’s created by a persistent and repeated
use of the “rain” with a number of phrases associating it, such
as puddles, deserted square, glistening war monument.
is one of the widely used and favourite stylistic devices of Hemingway.
Here he applies it to reveal the relationship of the protagonist to
the old hotel owner (she liked ... , she liked...). As the verb “to
like” is not used to characterize relations of the wife to her husband,
this contrast is full of the concealed but easily read meaning.
cases of repetition in the story may seem a bit obtrusive, their modifications
enter into the core of the narration very organically. They carry emotional
character, however penetrating the story the deep sorrow becomes evident
gradually. We realize that little, as if meaningless, capricious wishes
of a young woman reveal the drama of her fate, the absence of comfort
in her life, comparable with the cat in the rain.
The title of
the story anticipates this confrontation and the fact that the cat’s
image makes great play twice – just increases the total effect. In
fact, the young woman pines for love, for home, for her family. And
the purring cat she’d like to have and to stroke is a traditional
symbol of home and comfort she lacks so much. She wants warmth, attention,
care, joy, happiness; however she is brought the cat – a pitiful substitution
of that, what she, a young, beautiful woman needs incredibly. This is
the main problem of the novel we tried to uncover.
hotel owner didn’t get the reason of her yearnings and took her wish
for whim. But dignity, deference and respectfulness of the old man are
confronted to egoism and carelessness of George not occasionally. The
war monument is also mentioned deliberately. The world George and his
wife belong to – is uncomfortable, homeless after-war world, where
the fates of young people joined with such hardships and troubles.
If to speak
about the text itself, it is told in the 3rd person narrative. the description
is interlaced with descriptive passages and dialogues of the personages.
The author makes extensive use of repetitions to render the story more
vivid, convincing, more real and emotional.
style is remarkable for its powerful sweep, brilliant illustrations
and deep psychological analysis. Everything he touches seems to reflect
the feelings of the heroes.
The story reveals
the author's great knowledge of man's inner world. He penetrates into
the subtlest windings of the human heart.
"What Was It?" by Fitz-James O'Brien
The story "What
Was It?" was written by Fitz-James O'Brien, who combined elements
of mysticism and real facts in his books.
In the story
we also deal with other questions: What do you consider to be the greatest
element of terror? What might it [a King of Terrors] be?
us to the subject matter - fear, which is the fruit of our mind, imagination.
So the narrator highlights the man-against-himself conflict, when a
person's mind gives birth to his/her fears against his/her own will.
As for the
structure of the work, it begins with the exposition, for the author
gives background information about the house, which "has enjoyed
… the reputation of being haunted". This image is supported owing
to the garden, "which is now only a green enclosure used for bleaching
clothes", "the dry basin", "fruit trees ragged and
of Mrs. Moffat's company to the house is also a part of the exposition,
then series of complication come: "Our dinner conversation was
supernatural", thus its participants live in the presentiment of
complication is "What do you consider to be the greatest element
of terror", as this question provokes reflection. A case of comparison
in the sentence "I feel as if I could write a story like Hoffman",
who is famous for his fairy-tales, increases the mysticism of that evening.
of intensifier in the sentence "The room was in total darkness",
"of personification in "The confounded themes touched on by
Hammond in the garden kept obtruding themselves on my brain" and
"They still crowded upon me", of comparison in "I was
lying still as a corpse…" and the unusual graphic writing in
"A something dropped" lead the reader to the moment of heightened
So the climax
is: Then I turned to look at my captive … I saw nothing! "I saw
nothing!" is the cry of the terror-stricken soul.
There is one
more sentence which is rather interesting from the point of view of
form and content: "This thing has a heart that palpitates - a will
that moves it - lungs that play and inspire and respire."
construction hints that this thing lives inside a human being.