Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Fête de la musique

16 Января 2014, творческая работа

Chaque 21 juin, la Fête de la musique, grande manifestation populaire et gratuite, ouverte à tous les participants amateurs ou professionnels, envahit les rues et les places de nos villes et de nos villages, mêlant pendant une nuit tous les genres musicaux et s'adressant à tous les publics.
L'idée à l'origine de la Fête de la Musique
Créée par Jack Lang, ministre de la Culture, sur une idée de son directeur de la Musique et de la Danse, Maurice Fleuret, qui fait le constat que cinq millions de personnes dont un jeune sur deux jouent d'un instrument de musique en France, la Fête de la Musique est lancée le 21 juin 1982, jour du solstice d'été où la nuit est la plus courte, et de ce fait propice à une fête jusqu'au matin.

Fire Characteristics: Gaseous Combustibles

23 Мая 2013, реферат

Fire is basically a chemical reaction between combustibles and the oxygen of the air. The product of fire (smoke) consists of a complex mixture of chemicals that interact with humans trying to fight a fire or escape from a fire. Extin¬guishing agents and fire retardants are also chemicals. Clearly, an understand¬ing of chemistry is a prerequisite to a thorough understanding of fire protection. Certain branches of physics are also important in the understanding of fire. The rate of air mixing into flames, the buoyant rise of fire gases to the ceiling and the subsequent motion under the ceiling, and the escape of smoke from the fire compartment into connecting compartments are all key elements of the behavior of a fire.

Five new trends in project management that enterprises simply can't ignore

08 Июля 2013, статья

New technologies, revelations in behavioural science and changing cultures are generating exciting advances in the world of project management. In this article, I’ll take a dive into five concepts that are creating buzz in the project management community, why they are important and what difference they’re making in project work today.
1. Rolling-Wave Planning
Rolling-Wave Planning is the process of planning a project in phases as it proceeds rather than completing a detailed plan for the entire project before it begins.

Flexible manfacturing sistems

15 Июля 2013, творческая работа

How an FMS Works.
Process plan;
Daily schedule;
Feeding material for each part into a system;
Processing in the workstations according to the process plan;
Possibility of rerouting the parts.

For all guests the "Yalta-Intourist"

23 Декабря 2011, реферат

Best Billiard Hall of Yalta! Movement of the hand, stroke, opinion, analysis of the situation ... at the table cloth is fitted by a real battle of minds, experiences, tricks.

Karaoke Club "Broadway" - an ideal place for lovers to sing from the heart. Good songs, great sound, comfortable atmosphere.

Forms of address

09 Апреля 2015, реферат

There are many forms of address. Of the first « Mr» we are use before a man’s family name when we are speaking to him or writing to him, also we use «Mr» when addressing a man in an official position. «Mrs» is used before a married woman’s family name. «Miss» is used in front of the family name of a woman who is not married. «Ms» is used before woman’s family name because it is not important to say whether she is married or not, or when you don’t know whether she is married or not.

France and fashion

23 Мая 2013, творческая работа

France, Paris, fashion - fashion, Paris, France...
Probably every woman connects fashion it is with this country.
The names of Chanel (Chanel), Dior (Dior),
Yves Saint-Laurent (Yves Saint-Laurent) are
associated with the breaking epoch in the history of costume - the era of High fashion (Haute Couture), when modeling clothes is elevated to the rank of art and cluttered with lots of legends.

Free word groups and phraseological units

25 Июня 2014, реферат

A word-group is the largest two-facet lexical unit comprising more than one word but expressing one global concept.
The lexical meaning of the word groups is the combined lexical meaning of the component words. The meaning of the word groups is motivated by the meanings of the component members and is supported by the structural pattern. But it’s not a mere sum total of all these meanings! Polysemantic words are used in word groups only in 1 of their meanings. These meanings of the component words in such word groups are mutually interdependent and inseparable (blind man – «a human being unable to see», blind type – «the copy isn’t readable).


26 Сентября 2014, сочинение

Warum soll ich denn überhaupt eine oder mehrere Fremdsprachen lernen? Eine Frage die sich viele stellen. In der Schule ist es für die meisten eine mühsame Pflicht, neben dem Russisch, das ja schon schwierig genug ist, auch noch eine, oder mehrere Fremdsprachen zu lernen. Jeder kann sich an das Vokabelpauken in der Schule erinnern und das war nicht besonders angenehm.

Game technology with young learners

21 Апреля 2015, реферат

Language learning is hard work … Effort is required at moment and
must be maintained over a long period of time. Games help and encourage
many learners to sustain their interest and work‖.

General description and history of Orenburg

08 Декабря 2014, курсовая работа

Tourism is traveling for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2004, there were over 763 million international tourist arrivals.

General information about the United States оf America

12 Октября 2014, курсовая работа

The aim of the research is to study the main aspects of USA economy and industry, to understand its position in the World economy. And the main objectives of the studying are:
1. to describe the economic situation in the USA in the last century,
2. to describe the economic situation nowadays;
3. to single-out main brunches of industry, paying attention to the service sector and transportation service,
4. to describe agriculture of the USA.

General problems of lexicology. Lexicology as a branch of linguistics

13 Декабря 2013, лекция

However, a study of this kind may deal with the words and vocabularies irrespective of a particular language. In this case this theory shall be named general lexicology. Special lexicology devotes its attention to the words and vocabulary of some given language: as an example there is modern English lexicology. Historical lexicology, sometimes also called etymology or etymological theory, is a separate branch of linguistics, which studies the origin of different words and the ways in which the semantic structure of such words changes in the course of time. Descriptive lexicology deals with the vocabulary of the given language at a given stage of its development. Descriptive lexicology is also named synchronic lexicology.

German Foreign Policy under Bismarck

30 Июля 2014, реферат

My term paper is devoted to the analysis of diplomatic activity of Otto von Bismarck and his contribution to German diplomatic policy. Among the statesmen of the nineteenth century Bismarck occupies undoubtedly one of the first places as the historic value of their activities and the scale of its political and diplomatic talents and had the greatest influence on the fate of Europe and the world.
His name is inextricably linked to a number of important events of the German and European history, and, above all, of course, carried out by means of a policy of "blood and iron" the unification of Germany and the establishment of a bourgeois-Junker and militarist German Empire.

German reunification

03 Ноября 2012, доклад

German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany), and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Constitution Article 23. The start of this process is commonly referred by Germans as die Wende (The Turning Point). The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October (German Unity Day).

Gift-Giving in Kazakhstan

03 Октября 2013, доклад

It's a good idea to have a few small gifts to hand - the Kazakhs have a long-standing tradition of hospitality, you will very probably be invited to someone's house on more than one occasion, and the giving of gifts is a marvellous icebreaker. Since there is hardly anything practical that cannot be bought at local markets, it is hard to find a surprise gift once in the country. Therefore, think ahead and bring food or drink specialities, or souvenirs and coffee-table books, from your own country - these will always be highly appreciated. "Real" coffee, which in most of Kazakhstan remains hard to get at affordable prices, is a welcome gift. Men tend to appreciate diaries, organizers and pens; women adore international brands of cosmetics. If all else fails, there's always a nice bouquet of flowers for the hostess, a bottle of cognac or French wine for the host and sweets for the children.

Global Economic Collapse

10 Ноября 2013, доклад

The global financial system is more interconnected today than ever before, and a crisis at one major bank or in one area of the world can spread at lightning speed. Anyone who tells you that the current global financial system is sustainable has not done enough research Just look at the numbers here:
-$9,283,000,000,000 - The total amount of all bank deposits in the United States. The FDIC has just 25 billion dollars in the deposit insurance fund that is supposed to “guarantee” those deposits.
-$10,012,800,000,000 - The total amount of mortgage debt in the United States.
-$10,409,500,000,000 - The M2 money supply in the United States.

Golden Ring of Russia

22 Декабря 2013, доклад

Golden Ring of Russia - is a group of ancient cities in which the unique monuments of history and architecture . Traditionally part of the " Golden Ring " includes 8 major cities - Sergiev Posad Pereslavl, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo, Vladimir and Suzdal - as well as some other localities Moscow, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Kostroma and Yaroslavl. The most popular among tourists are the one - and two-day excursions on comfortable buses visiting temples , mansions , museums of local lore and forgotten tasting products - for example, mead or warm milk. The price includes: Accommodation in double rooms of the category chosen, according to the selected type of food, excursions program (including entrance fees and services of local Russian-speaking guides), bus transport service 1st class service Russian-speaking accompanying guide.

Great Britain

11 Апреля 2013, реферат

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) is located on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244 000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are, respectively, London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. Great Britain itself consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. The capital of UK is London.

Great Britain

24 Сентября 2013, реферат

Great Britain or United Kingdom, officially United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, a parliamentary monarchy in northwestern Europe. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Great Britain

07 Ноября 2013, реферат

The official name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). It occupies the territory of the British Isles. It is composed of about 5,500 large and small islands. The two biggest islands are Great Britain and Ireland. Great Britain (UK) consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. The total area of the UK is about 244,100 square kilometers. The country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea. The population of Great Britain is over 57 million people. As the United Kingdom is an island state the climate there is very specific. It is not very cold in winter and never very hot in summer. There is no ice on the lakes and rivers in winter. It often rains in all seasons.

Great Britain

25 Ноября 2013, реферат

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. It consists of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. England, Wales and Scotland occupy the territory of Great Britain. Northern Ireland is situated in the northern part of Ireland. The territory of the United Kingdom is about 244 square kilometres. His the 75th place among other countries in the world. The population is over 55 million. About 80% of the population is urban. The capital of the country is London.

Great Britain

16 Декабря 2013, доклад

Great Britain (official name — the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands, the larger of which is Great Britain, the smaller is Ireland. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands. The total area of Great Britain is 240,000 sq. kms, its population is 56,000,000 people.
In the north-west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east — by the North Sea. The island of Great Britain is separated from France by the English Channel. Northern Ireland, which is a part of Great Britain and which is situated on the island of Ireland, is separated from Great Britain by the North Channel.


31 Марта 2013, контрольная работа

das Europäische System der Zentralbanken (ESZB) – Европейская система Центральных банков
die Europäische Zentralbank - Европейский Центробанк

Handicap Hotels

06 Декабря 2014, доклад

The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act included a range of provisions for improving accessibility and facilities for disabled Americans in buildings throughout the nation, including hotels. Since the bill's enactment, access for the handicapped at hotels has improved significantly. In particular, large chain hotel groups have committed to making their properties the ideal venue for handicapped travelers. Guests should always specify their need for handicap-accessible rooms when making reservations and should call in advance for details.

Henry VII

21 Ноября 2013, реферат

Henry VII. No such grants, however, have been traced, and even in the 16th-century statements as to” antiquity and service “ in heraldic preambles were looked upon with suspicion.
The name Shakespeare is extremely widespread, and is spelt in an astonishing variety of ways. That of John Shakespeare occurs 166 times in the Council Book of the Stratford corporation, and appears to take 16 different forms. The verdict, not altogether unanimous, of competent palaeographers is to the effect that Shakespeare himself, in the extant examples of his signature, always wrote “Shakspere.” In the printed signatures to the dedications of his poems, on the title-pages of nearly all the contemporary editions of his plays that bear his name, and in many formal documents it appears as Shakespeare.

Hi, Today I want to talk about myself

14 Декабря 2012, практическая работа

My name is Sabina. I’m eighteen years old. I was born in Moscow.
This year I finished a school and now I study in the University. In the future I will be an economist. More about myself, I can say that I am cheerful and friendly.

Hierarchical Neural Networks for Partial Diagnosis in Medicine

06 Апреля 2013, реферат

Various domains require hierarchical classification. In medicine, learning partial diagnoses can be helpful when
time and information constraints are present. Hierarchical neural networks provide a good means to perform partial
diagnosis. We implemented a hierarchical backpropagation-based model for the domain of thyroid diseases, and com-
pared the results against those of nonhierarchical networks in terms of sensitivities and specificities.

High school examination in the United States

09 Июня 2013, творческая работа

When any test is directly tied to significant consequences, such as determining whether the student may receive a high school diploma, it is called a high-stakes test. Many organizations such as the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) oppose high-stakes tests in general, with the NCTM saying that "placing too much emphasis on a single test or on testing can undermine the quality of education and jeopardize equality of opportunity."

Higher education in Kazahstan

26 Ноября 2013, творческая работа

В этой презентации рассказывается об образовании в Казахстане.