Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Margaret Hilda Thatcher

12 Марта 2013, реферат

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS, née Roberts (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician, the longest-serving (1979–1990) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the "Iron Lady", which became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented Conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.

Market economics

03 Июня 2013, сочинение

There are a number of ways in which a government can organize its econ-omy and the type of system chosen is critical in shaping environment in which businesses operate.
An economic system is quite simply the way in which a country uses its available resources (land, workers, natural resources, machinery etc.) to satisfy the demands of its inhabitants for goods and services. The more goods and services that can be produced from these limited resources, the higher the stan-dard of living enjoyed by the country's citizens.

Marketing and Society

29 Декабря 2012, практическая работа

Marketing is the management process of anticipating, identifying and satisfying customers requirements. The various conventional marketing tools- advertising, branding, direct marketing, sales promotion, publicity and public relations.
Society can exist without Marketing, but Marketing cannot exist without Society.

Marketing plan aims and objective

07 Июля 2013, курсовая работа

The Chartered Institute of Marketing defines marketing as "the management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably." A different concept is the value-based marketing which states the role of marketing to contribute to increasing shareholder value. In this context, marketing is defined as "the management process that seeks to maximise returns to shareholders by developing relationships with valued customers and creating a competitive advantage."

Maslow's theory

02 Апреля 2012, реферат

The development of the market economy impossible without competition, free enterprise, depending on the timely and proper manager solutions, knowledge of the mechanisms of capital flow and labour, makes the importance of the managers extremely high. Managing cannot exist without using theories like Maslow hierarchy theory of needs.

McDonald's - as a global organization

24 Января 2014, доклад

The business began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by brothers Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. Their introduction of the "Speedy Service System" in 1948 established the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant. The original mascot of McDonald's was a man with a chef's hat on top of a hamburger shaped head whose name was "Speedy." Speedy was eventually replaced with Ronald McDonald in 1963.

Meanings and functions of the article in English

24 Сентября 2014, доклад

Nowadays we have different points of view on the status on the article. Some grammarians define the article as a separate word (O. Jespersoen, M.Y. Blokh) and the others define it to be a morpheme (G.N.Vorontsova). Article is a determining unit of specific nature accompanying the noun in communicative collocation.

Mein Studentenleben

18 Декабря 2013, лекция

1) Die Tjumener Staatliche Universität wurde auf Grund des Pädagogischen Instituts 1973 gegründet. Heute ist sie die führende Bildungsinstitution und Wissenschaftszentrum mit 7 Instituten, 37 Fachrichtungen.
Das Studium an der Uni ist streng geregelt. Die Abiturienten, die Eintrittsprüfungen efolgreich abgelegt haben, stehen im 1 Studienjahr. Jedes Jahr immatrikuliert man… Studenten.

Methods of Teaching Reading to Learners

07 Декабря 2015, курсовая работа

This qualification paper is dedicated to the problem of teaching reading at the 6th form stylistics, especially to the types of methods of teaching foreign language.
The subject of the qualification work is to develop the usage of methods of teaching reading in our educational system.
The object of the qualification paper is to study main methods of teaching reading and also the useful sides of these methods for the young pupils.
The actuality of the qualification paper is determined teaching reading with the help of exercises at the 6 form.

Minsk State Linguistic University

07 Ноября 2013, реферат

Minsk State Linguistic University was founded in 1948 and since then it has been the leading institution for foreign language education in the Republic of Belarus. More than 30,000 teachers and 5,000 translators and interpreters have graduated from MSLU since the institution was founded 54 years ago.
MSLU currently trains specialists in 14 different languages. Students graduate with the following qualifications: linguist, teacher of two foreign languages; interpreter/translator, specialist in crosscultural communication. The graduates work in schools, universities, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, other government offices including foreign embassies, as well as in many private companies and businesses. Not only do students study on-campus, MSLU also has developed a number of distant training programs. MSLU's commitment to new technologies and technological advances has facilitated this process.

Mobil commerce

22 Мая 2013, доклад

Mobil tijorat (m-tijorat) – elektron tijoratning turi bo’lib, mobil telefonlar, shaxsiy cho’ntak kompyuterlari va boshqa simsiz aloqaga ega mobil uskunalar orqali to’lov operasiyalarini amalga oshirishni nazarda tutadi. Bunda simsiz aloqaga ega mobil uskunalar qatoriga smartfonlar (iPhone, Google Android), planshetlar (iPad, Amazon Kindle), netbuklar va noutbuklar kiradi. M- tijorat tovar va izmatlarning online sotuvi imkoniyatlarini kengaytiradi. Boshqacha aytganda, mobil tijorat bu mobil telefondan foydalanuvchi interfeysi sifatida qo’llovchi turli tijorat xizmatlari (aloqa xizmatidan tashqari) uchun umumiy nomdir.

Modern Tourism

09 Октября 2013, творческая работа

In my topic about modern tourism I’m going to start out with giving reasons for travelling then I want to introduce some types of destination and my dream destination. Also I will tell you about types of travelling and some that you may haven’t even heard of. Then I will talk of the problems caused by the tourism industry and how they are solved. In the end I will conclude the whole topic.
Travelling is the best way of studying and learning about the world and history. While you travel you get firsthand experience of what life in other countries is like, other people’s culture, traditions values and behavior.

Modern Tourism

10 Ноября 2013, реферат

Tourism is a profitable industry in the contemporary era and a major source of foreign exchange income in countries such as the U.S., Spain, France, Germany, China, Japan, Greece, Italy, Egypt and Turkey.
Tourism economy like industrial economy has so far passed behind the three stages of naive, traditional and modern and is about to enter the stage of post-modernism.
Once tourism used to have a naive nature and explorers such as Christopher Columbus used to make journeys in a bid to discover new lands. At the meantime, there have been brave personalities who have conquered those discovered lands by the means of their knowledge.

Modern understanding of civil society

28 Октября 2014, реферат

We live in a country that according to the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a legal state. But what is written in the basic law gives us no reason to assert that this is so. In my opinion, not everyone is fully aware that establishing the rule of law requires the occurrence of certain assumptions, the most important of which is the civil society, i.e. corresponding to the maturity of the traditional society. And in Kazakhstan, the company has not completely matured, to provide for conditions that meet and sell their diverse needs and interests

Monarchy debate

07 Апреля 2013, контрольная работа

After studying this theme, you should be able to:
Discuss the factors that influence public opinion.
Summarize the diverse views on the issue of Monarchy.
Express your own opinion on the subject.

Monastère de Gherart et la Haute vallée de l’Azat

01 Ноября 2014, реферат

Le monastère de Gherart abrite un certain nombre d'églises et de tombes – pour la plupart troglodytes – représentatives de l'apogée de l'architecture médiévale arménienne. Cet ensemble de bâtiments médiévaux situé au milieu des escarpements, à l'entrée de la Vallée de l'Azat, s'intègre à un paysage d'une grande beauté naturelle.

Monetary History

15 Мая 2012, доклад

Good afternoon, ladies and gentleman. I am going to talk today about Monetary History from Ancient Times to the Present Day (the history of money). What is money? By definition, it’s something of value. But over the last 10,000 years, the material form that money has taken has changed considerably—from cattle and cowrie shells to today’s electronic currency. Here, let’s get an overview of the history of money.

Money management

12 Октября 2013, реферат

No one should be without a plan for managing its money. The plan is called budget. It is a way to get what you want most. To make the budget you should prepare a checklist. Your checklist should include your needs, wants and goals. Needs are the things you cannot do without. Wants are the things that you enjoy, but can do without. And goals are something to strive for in the future.
The second step is to estimate your income. Write down all the income you expect to receive in a week.

Morpheme english

31 Марта 2015, творческая работа

morphology - originally coined by Goethe for 'form and structure of living organisms'
in linguistics:
internal structure of words and the various processes for producing new words


21 Июля 2013, доклад

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Historians have accepted the year of 1147 as the start of Moscow's history.


22 Октября 2014, реферат

Moscow is the capital of Russia and its major political, cultural, scientific center. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the northernmost megacity on Earth. Moscow is situated in central part of the country on the Moskva River, after which it is named

Moscow – the Ancient Heart of Russia

18 Декабря 2013, сочинение

Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. It is one of the biggest and most beautiful cities in the world. It was founded in 1147 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky as a fortress on the bank of the Moskva River. Within over 850 years of its history Moscow has developed into the one of the largest cities of the world with a territory of almost 1000 square kilometers and a population of about 10.5 million. It is the economic, political, educational, scientific and cultural center of Russia, the seat of the Russian government. Moscow is a leading manufacturing city, with factories producing nearly one-sixth of the entire volume of industrial production of Russia. Besides, Moscow has more than 75 institutes of higher education; about 700 scientific institutions.

Motivation morphologique

14 Мая 2013, контрольная работа

Les mots à structure morphologique apparente sont motivés morphologiquement. Ce sont les mots dérivés et composés dont la forme interne est transparente et facilement perceptible. Le mot voyageur est motivé, car il se compose du mot-racine voyage et du suffixe –eur à l’aide duquel se forment des noms d’agent. De même élevage est composé de élever et le suffixe –age. Ajoutons encore adoration, ameublement, coudoyer, égaliser, exclusion, impunément, précisément, rougeâtre, soluble etc. Voilà quelques exemples de dérivés préfixaux dans lesquels la motivation morphologique est clairement visible : antinational, coprésident, hypertension, inégale, mécontent, souligner, surcharge etc.

Multiple Intelligence and Foreign Language Learning

20 Марта 2014, курсовая работа

Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory (MIT) (1983, 1999) is an important contribution to cognitive science and constitutes a learner-based philosophy which is “an increasingly popular approach to characterizing the ways in which learners are unique and to developing instruction to respond to this uniqueness”. MIT is a rationalist model that describes nine different intelligences: the mathematical-logical, the verbal-linguistic, the musical-rhythmic, the bodily-kinesthetic, the interpersonal, the intrapersonal, the visual-spatial, the naturalist and the existential intelligences. It has evolved in response to the need to reach a better understanding of how cognitive individual differences can be addressed and developed in the classroom. The following criteria have been used in MIT to identify intelligence: it “entails the ability to solve problems”, it involves a “biological proclivity”, it has “an identifiable neurological core operation or set of operations” and it is “susceptible to encoding in a symbol system ... which captures and conveys important forms of information”.

My Biography

21 Октября 2013, контрольная работа

… was born in …, Kazakhstan …, 1990. He was born in the family of ordinary workers. His mother, Larissa was a very hard-working and intelligent woman. For keeping the family and help her husband with paying bills, she worked at three jobs same time. His father, Andrew, was an ordinary miner. He was conservative in his views, but despite of this, he was quite modern in communicating with his son. Dmitry grew up in a very modern and free communication family. He was brought up quite correctly, that in the future affect his career and professional growth.

My future profession

22 Июня 2013, практическая работа

There are many interesting and useful professions and it is really not an easy task to choose the right one. Of course, it’s not an easy thing to choose a profession out of more than 2,000 existing in the world. It’s especially difficult if you like doing different things, if you have different hobbies and interests.
Almost half of a person’s life passes at work. So it’s extremely important to make the right choice of a profession. Psychologists believe that the choice of a future profession must be in accordance with the individual’s talents and abilities. In order to make the right choice you have to analyze your interests and abilities and try to understand what you’d like to achieve in your life.

My future profession - the teacher of physics

11 Марта 2014, аттестационная работа

I am a physicist! In such rank I have been working for 40 years. So we are called by pupils, parents and the teachers of school. I had chosen this science myself, in far 60th years, studying at school and it was not casually. At that time successes of physics were very famous: 1957 - 1 artificial satellite of the Earth; 1961 - 1 astronaut Yu.A.Gagarin; Nobel Prizes on physics to the Soviet physics. I remember, (at that time I was in five class) how new words "satellite", "astronaut" had appeared and even the teachers of Russian did not know how to write correctly the last word, and they looked for it in newspapers. It was the period of blossoming of the Soviet science and school, at that time the Soviet school outstripped the USA behind a school desk.

My future profession. Designer

19 Декабря 2013, сочинение

In the nearest future I'm going to work as an IT designer. IT designers impacts more of your daily life than you probably realize. Every time you read a magazine, use the internet, or even shop something, you encounter their work. Designers are responsible for organizing various kinds of material into a package that is both attractive and informative.
So what designers actually do? They create visual concepts using computer software to communicate ideas that inspire consumers. IT design includes identity (logos and branding), publications (magazines, newspapers, and books), advertisements, web-design and many other.

My future professipn

30 Марта 2014, доклад

I like to help people. To become a doctor I must be good at studies because a doctor is needed and responsible profession. We trust doctors the main what we have – our life and that’s why a doctor must be qualified specialist.

My homeland is Kazakhstan

13 Декабря 2013, доклад

I want to tell you about my homeland. My homeland is Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is an independent Republic. It is situated in the Central Asia. Its population, is 16 million. All people of Kazakhstan have equal rights and duties. Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan. The territory of Kazakhstan is huge. It borders on China in the East and the Caspian Sea in the West, Russian in the North and the states of Asia in the South. The republic occupies the territory of more than 2 million square kilometers. . Kazakhstan has 14 regions, 84 cities.