Рефераты по иностранным языкам

Classification of Lexical Stylistic Devices

06 Июня 2013, реферат

Words in a context may acquire additional lexical meanings not fixed in the dictionaries, what we have called contextual meanings. The latter may sometimes deviate from the dictionary meaning to such a degree that the new meaning even becomes the opposite of the primary meaning. What is known in linguistics as transferred meaning is practically the interrelation between two types of lexical meaning: dictionary and contextual.

Cold War

15 Декабря 2013, реферат

The Cold War was a war that literally wasn’t typical war. There weren’t any fighter planes flying over countries dropping bombs, no tanks no ground troops, no actually deployment of missile, and no ground troops. However there were a stockpile of nuclear weapons, money was being spent like an actually War was being fought, propaganda, and there were two superpower enemies but no actually fighting occurred. The Cold War (CW) was a big arms race that was started after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR). There were two dominant powers fighting to become the dominant power. The world became bipolar because of this war. The CW was the war between ideologyies, Democracy and Communism.

Communication competence

14 Октября 2013, доклад

Communication competence
refers to both your knowledge and
understanding of how
communication works and to your
ability to use communication
Using communication effectively
would involve your ability to select
and implement the best choices for
communicating and to read and
adjust to the ongoing feedback that
you receive from your own messages
and that guide the choices you make
in selecting future messages.

Company Liquidation (Ликвидация компании)

26 Октября 2015, реферат

Relevance of a subject of work is defined by that at the termination of functioning of the enterprise it leaves number of subjects of civil law, and it is necessary to resolve an issue of destiny of obligations which participant was an enterprise stopping existence.
Activity of the enterprises stops for various reasons. But it is possible to classify acts of such terminations by two criteria: depending on the body which made the decision on the termination of activity of the subject and depending on existence of succession.

Comparative analysis of phrases and phraseological units from Kyrgyz epic “Manas” and its English translation

01 Августа 2012, дипломная работа

Phraseology (derived from Greek “phrazls” – combination and “logos” - science) is a scholarly approach to language which developed in the twentieth century.[1] It is a young branch of linguistics, which closely borders with lexicology and stylistics. Lexicography and stylistics served as a basis of phraseology to be founded as independent discipline.

Comparison of nouns in English and Russian languages

02 Декабря 2011, курсовая работа

Language is a social phenomenon and every language has its own grammar. For many centuries such famous scholars as B. Illyish, M. Y. Blokh, O. Jesperson and many others had investigated the problem of parts of speech, that causes great controversies both in general linguistic theory and in the analysis of separate languages. And the main question that had interested them was noun as a part of speech.

Computer addiction

20 Августа 2013, творческая работа

The Internet provides a constant, ever-changing source of information and entertainment, and can be accessed from most smart phones as well as tablets, laptops, and computers. Email, blogs, social networks, and message boards allow for both public and anonymous communication about any topic. But how much is too much Internet usage?

Concept and feature of literary translation

29 Июля 2014, реферат

The urgency of a theme of research follows that translation of art texts is one of the most complicated problems of translation. Prominent feature of fiction is display in each case of an individual art manner of the writer. Thus the manner of the writer is caused by its outlook, influence of an aesthetics of an epoch and literary school, lexical and grammatical (in particular, syntactic) means of language and their parities with each other.


24 Ноября 2014, статья

Constitution is the Basic Law of the State, reinforcing its legal status, and political, economicfundamentals. It serves as the basis for the progressive development of society and the State, establishes the basic rules of life, regulates their rights and freedoms prevents theexclusion of the State from the needs of the common man. The Constitution consists of a preamble and two sections.


23 Октября 2013, реферат

Competition in the translation from the Latin meaning " face " and can be defined as a contest between individuals and economic entities that are interested in achieving the same goal. If you specify this target in terms of the marketing concept , the market competition is called the struggle for companies limited purchasing power of consumers, leading firms in the market segments available to them .

Converse: We Love You, Chucks

27 Ноября 2012, доклад

The first Olympic basketball team wore them; they dominated the basketball courts—amateur and professional—for more than 40 years; Dr. } made them famous; Kurt Cobain died in them. What are they? Converse All Stars—more particularly the famous Chuck Taylor All Stars, known around the world as Chucks.

Corel Draw

12 Мая 2014, реферат


Corporate culture in my company

15 Апреля 2012, доклад

What is corporate culture? At its most basic, it's described as the personality of an organization, or simply as "how things are done around here." It guides how employees think, act, and feel. Corporate culture is a broad term used to define the unique personality or character of a particular company or organization, and includes such elements as core values and beliefs, corporate ethics, and rules of behavior.

Country Report

16 Декабря 2013, контрольная работа

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres (127,350 sq mi) which separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. Land borders are shared with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei, and maritime borders exist with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. In 2010 the population was 28.33 million, with 22.6 million living on the Peninsula. Malaysia is a multi-racial country and the majority of the population resides along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

CRM sistemos analizė

11 Мая 2015, реферат

Šiandien, kai santykių su klientais valdymo strategija pateikiama kaip viena iš prioritetinių kompanijų veiklos sričių, tik gerai organizuota santykių su klientais valdymo strategija duoda akivaizdžius rezultatus įvairiose kompanijos funkcionavimo srityse: padidėja pardavimai, pagerinamas klientų išlaikymas, taip pat sumažinamos paslaugų kainos ir užtikrinamas didesnis pelnas.

Crop production

19 Февраля 2014, реферат

Crops are plants which have been carefully selected and developed by man. They produce food for people and animals. In all countries of the world crop production has been and will always be an important branch of economy.
There are different practices of crop cultivation on farms, and it depends on many factors in what way the crop should be grown and harvested. But the aim is always the same: to produce high yields of farm crops as economically as possible. This is of great importance nowadays, as the world population is constantly growing how to provide the increasing supplies of high quality food for people.

Cultural Globalization in Kazakhstan

10 Октября 2013, реферат

Today, we haven’t country or society where social groups and individuals are seen as closed and all-sufficient phenomena. They are included in the general mutual relations and intersectionality. Universal interconnection, intersectionality and relationships are natural highly complicated and conflicting processes of globalization. Globalization - is general and all-round process of cultural, ideological and economic integration of Government, state associations, national and ethnic unity, which is an accompanying phenomenon of modern civilization. Countries and peoples of the world exist in conditions of growing interaction. The accelerated rates of development of civilization and the progress of the historical processes have raised the question of the inevitability of global relationships on their deepening, strengthening and liquidation isolation countries and peoples.

Current trends in Russin tourism

29 Января 2013, курсовая работа

Tourism - is one of the most important sectors of modern economics, and its main aim is satisfying the needs of people and improving the quality of life. Despite, tourism is not leading to the depletion of natural resources, unlike many other industries are. As an export-oriented industry, tourism demonstrates greater stability within an unstable situation on the world markets, compared with other industries.
Nowadays, there is the whole strategy in regards of tourism development in Russian Federation. The strategy consists of number of programs, individual projects and extracurricular activities of the organizational, legal, economic, political and diplomatic nature, which provide an effective solution of the problem of tourism development in the country.

Customer Complaints

05 Сентября 2014, доклад

Virtually every organization encounters customer complaints from time to time. Sometimes it is easy to get caught up in the complaints and to lose track of how many satisfied customers say nothing at all. Even worse, sometimes it is hard to remember just how valuable a customer complaint can be to the organization. Contrary to how it may feel to be the recipient of a customer complaint, it is a wonderful opportunity if embraced with commitment and integrity. You can turn customer complaints into valuable assets.

Cредства выражения категории модальности в английском языке

12 Августа 2014, курсовая работа

Цель исследования заключается в выявлении сущности, в описании и комплексном анализе модальных слов как особой части речи английского языка, а также в рассмотрении модальных глаголов как одного из способов реализации модальности.
В соответствии с целью в работе ставятся следующие задачи:
1) изучить литературу по данной проблеме;
2) определить сущность, специфику и основные признаки категории модальности;
3) охарактеризовать основные модальные глаголы, модальные слова с точки зрения их лексического состава;
4) описать модальные слова как средства выражения достоверности;
5) выявить синтаксические функции модальных слов.

Darmodaran approach to company valuation

16 Декабря 2013, реферат

In this coursework I will describe Damodoran’s approach to valuation. This person has contributed a lot to valuation’s technic. He is an author of two books on Corporate Finance, Investment Management, Valuation and The Dark Side of Valuation, and his works were published in such magazines as Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, The Journal of Finance, The Journal of Financial Economics и The Review of Financial Studies. In addition, he is a professor in Stern School Business in New York on MBA. Such a remarkable specialist described and contributed a lot to valuation technics whose works are used both in theory in universities and in practice among businessmen and valuation specialist.

Das internationale Kunstfestival „der slawische Bazar“ in Witebsk

28 Апреля 2013, сочинение

Die Freilichtbühne ist ein großer Kunst- und Sportkomplex. Er wurde 1988 kurz vor dem ersten internationalen polnischen Musikfestival eröffnet. Den Entwurf hat der Architekt W.Babaschkin ausgearbeitet. Die Bühne nimmt 430 qm ein. Dieser Raum genügt sogar für den Auftritt von einem Chor aus 1500 Menschen. Das Einzige, wofür diese Bühne klein ist, sind die Blumen, die die Zuschauer aus Dankbarkeit den Künstlern schenken.

Das Studium

03 Июля 2013, реферат

1)Im Jahre 1945 wurde die Brester Pädagogische Hochschule gegründet. 1949 wurde sie der Name A.S. Puschkin verliehen. Im Jahre 1995 bekam die Hochschule den Status einer Universität. Seit dieser Zeit gilt sie als die Brester Staatliche Universität Namens Puschkin.
Die Hochschule bildet Lehrer heran. Das Studium an der Hochschule dauert 5 Jahre. Die Studienformen sind: das Direktstudium und das Fernstudium. Die Hochschule hat 11 Fakultäten: die Philologische Fakultät, die Fakultät für Physik, für Mathematik, für Körpererziehung, die Psychologo-pädagogische Fakultät, die Fakultät für Vorschulerziehung, für Fremdsprachen, für Jura, für Geschichte, für Biologie und für Geographie. An der Universität gibt es auch eine Vorbereitungsabteilung.

Das Thema «Die Weisse Rose»

24 Апреля 2013, доклад

Der Autor des Textes „Die Weiße Rose” berichtet von den Aktivitäten der bekanntesten Widerstandsgruppe des Dritten Reiches. Dieser Text erzählt uns über das harte Leben und das Schicksal der Mitglieder dieser Organisation. Ihren Mut und ihre Entschlossenheit, sich gegen die Nazi-Diktatur zur Wehr zu setzen, bezahlten die sechs mit dem Leben.
Die Weiße Rose war eher ein Freundeskreis. Kern der Gruppe waren die Geschwister Sophie und Hans Scholl, Christoph Probst, Willi Graf, Alexander Schmorell und Professor Kurt Huber. Der Text informiert darüber, dass zwischen 1942 und 1943 verbreiteten sie sechs Flugblätter, in denen sie zum Widerstand gegen das NS-Regime aufrief.

Day of the languages of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

25 Сентября 2014, сочинение

Language exists in the world as long as people live. History knows no human collective that would not use the language. And this is understandable, because there are people in the community. He is permanently connected with other people. And people communicate through language, convey their thoughts, desires, feelings.
From early childhood to old age all human life is connected with the language. The child has not yet learned to speak, and his hearing is already responding to the kind words and lullabies.

Dear David and your family

04 Ноября 2013, доклад

It has been almost 20 years since I met with you and your friends in the sports city of Kharkov in the Ukraine. I had the opportunity to chat with you for a while. Warmly remember those days when we were running and participated in competitions in Ukraine. I had the opportunity to meet with your family: his wife and young son, Samuel. During the whole time, I kept all of your letters came from the United States. Thou said he was going to Guadeloupe, then broke off our correspondence. I will be very glad to talk with you, to introduce you to my family: my wife and two daughters. I hope in the next letter you sent David my new photos. I apologize for the translation of the text. With great respect and love your friend Vladimir Ukrainian. I await your reply.

Der Begriff „Geschichte“

21 Декабря 2013, доклад

Der Begriff Geschichte bedeutet einerseits Fiktion, hängt mit Romanen, Krimis und Märchen zusammen und wir gewähren ihnen das Prädikat "könnte-so-gewesen-sein". Geht es um ein Ereignis, bekommt das* Wort eine ganz andere Bedeutung. Es handelt sich nicht mehr um bloße Fiktion, sondern um den Bericht eines vergangenen Geschehnisses, etwas Realen. Was über dieses Ereignis berichtet wird, ob in Büchern, im Fernsehen oder auch in der Schule, das wird meist vertrauensvoll als die Wahrheit akzeptiert.

Description of set up

11 Апреля 2013, творческая работа

Team manager should manage the individual issues of team members with respect to the group goals, define goals for individuals to achieve group goals, manage the performance and responsibilities of everyone in the group, monitor team, in terms of productivity and well-being. As a manager, he has to create and control change within the project. This means solving problems, generating new ideas, and implementing them. As well, his responsibility as a team manager is to provide each team member with some level of support.

Detroit - ghost Town

17 Января 2014, доклад

Detroit is a city in the north of the United States in Michigan . Located in the southeastern corner of the state , on the Detroit River , on the border with Canada. Its population is 708,452 people in 2011 , with suburbs 4,400,000 people.
The city was Founded on 24th of July 1701 by the French a manager Antoine Lome. Until the XIX century it was a member of Canada ( part of the British Empire) , then transferred to the United States.

Develop mechanisms to ensure the quality of the university

22 Октября 2014, реферат

As in most countries of the world system to provide educational services in the Republic of Kazakhstan is a collection of interacting components:
- successive educational programs and state educational standards and orientation at various levels ;
network realizing their educational institutions, regardless of their organizational and legal forms , types and species;
- education authorities and their subordinate agencies and organizations .