Рефераты по иностранным языкам

The profession of a disiner

26 Ноября 2012, сочинение

The positive thing of this profession is that it gives you challenges, gives you possibilities to create and get satisfaction from fulfilled the task seeing the results of your work. However, design industry is growing in great paces worldwide. Competition is number one in this sphere and you are to be the best to become successful and get the job. Besides, the advertisement influences our lives greatly. Another fact is that a designer can use it in an ethical way or visa versa. Indeed, the design profession has a high under-employment rate. That is why it is really difficult to find a good job with decent salary at a design company, to make up a good advertisement.

The Right to Know Vocabulary

28 Апреля 2013, реферат

There is always an argument concerning whether or not to tell a terminally ill patient the
truth about his condition. The first vocabulary word that we have is the word Argument; it is
a noun meaning a discussion or a debate, like if you don’t agree with something you give your
opinion and you will start an argument about that matter.

The Role of Government in the Economy

10 Июня 2013, доклад

In every economy the work of different firms has to be coordinated. In a market economy this coordination is achieved by means of markets. Nevertheless the debate over the role for Government in a market economy is continuing and the issue is being widely discussed at the present time. An economy based on free enterprise is generally characterised by private ownership and initiative, with a relative absence of government involvement. However, government intervention has been found necessary from time to time to ensure that economic opportunities are fair, to dampen inflation and to stimulate growth.

The role of Internet in modern life

06 Ноября 2013, сочинение

Everyone cannot imagine modern life without the Internet. All of us have mobile phones, tablets and laptops with supporting Internet access. Some people believe that Internet has a good influence on users of it. Others don’t think so. To my mind, we cannot do without this informational, educational and entertaining system, which connect all people in the World.
The advantages of Internet are obvious. First of all, Internet gives a chance to communicate with all people around the World. So, it is cheaper than travelling, because all you need is click the web-browser. Secondly, it does not take a lot of time to find necessary information. For example, everybody knows how it is difficult to look thought the text to find essential words.

The Romanovs in Yekaterinburg

28 Мая 2013, доклад

This is the place where the family of the last Russian tsar Nikolai II was shot down at night between the 16th and 17th of July of 1918. These tragic events took place in the house of engineer Ipatiev, which was situated here. The house was ruined in 1977 by the order of the local government: too many people were interested in the history of the house.
The family of the last Russian tsar (Nikolai himself, his wife Alexandra, four their daughters: Olga, Tatyana, Anastasiya and Maria and their son Aleksey – the heir of the Russian throne) were brought to Yekaterinburg in May of 1918 from the exile in Tobolsk to Moscow.

The Russian Federation

11 Июня 2013, реферат

Russia is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth's surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometres. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Belorussia, the Ukraine. It also has a sea-border with the USA.

The stylistic functions of the article

31 Января 2014, реферат

The problem of the article in English is one of the most complicated. There is no single opinion about the functions and the nature of he article. Thus, it was stated that there is the category of definite/indefinite in English. Commonly it is expressed by the articles. There is a connection between the noun and the article. This connection defines the meaning of the noun. Articles play great stylistical role in the sentence. It is realized by two possible means: either by the violation of the combinativity of the morphemes in the word or by violation of the common usage of the forms of noun in the sentence.

The subject of the history of the English

10 Июня 2013, реферат

A language can be studied synchronically and diachronically. In the synchronic approach a language is regarded as a fixed unchangeable system, while in the diachronic approach every linguistic fact is interpreted as a stage or a step in the never ending evolution of the language. In studying the history of the English Language we consider its phonetics, grammar and word-stock diachronically.
However the diachronic and synchronic approaches can be combined; the development of the language can be presented as a series of cross-sections, e.g. Old English, Middle English and Modern English.

The Tongue Twister Database

20 Апреля 2013, реферат

This page was originally created to give a good group of tongue twisters to people in speech therapy, to people who want to work on getting rid of an accent, or to people who just plain like tongue twisters. I hope you enjoy them.
Due to popular request, I have altered the format of the page. This was done because many people have felt the previous formats to be hard to read. I also hope to add new content to the page soon, I promise.

The Traditions of Easter

01 Августа 2013, реферат

As with almost all "Christian" holidays, Easter has been secularized and commercialized. The dichotomous nature of Easter and its symbols, however, is not necessarily a modern fabrication.
Since its conception as a holy celebration in the second century, Easter has had its non-religious side. In fact, Easter was originally a pagan festival.
The ancient Saxons celebrated the return of spring with an uproarious festival commemorating their goddess of offspring and of springtime, Eastre. When the second-century Christian missionaries encountered the tribes of the north with their pagan celebrations, they attempted to convert them to Christianity. They did so, however, in a clandestine manner.

The Tretyakov Gallery

12 Февраля 2013, доклад

The introduction
The Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow is a major world-famous collection of Russian graphic arts. The quiet Lavrushinsky Pereulok, a by-street across the Moscow River from the Kremlin, with the familiar building of the Tretyakov Gallery behind a wrought-iron fence, is frequented by both Muscovites and visitors to the capital. The Tretyakov Gallery firmly imbeds itself in the Russian’s intellectual life from their very early teens. Here, exposed to canvases by Russia’s foremost painters, people first awakened to an appreciation of art, to its message and emotional impact. The Tretyakov Gallery has become what can be described as a “popular” museum, with long lines of people queuing to get in. Russians are ardent devotees of art, and Russian museums attract the world’s largest crowds. The distinction of the Tretyakov Gallery is well known outside the Russia – foreign visitors from many countries of the world make it a point to include the Tretyakov Gallery into their Moscow schedule.

The United States of America

21 Декабря 2010, творческая работа

The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada and China). It occupies the southern part of North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. The total area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres. The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It also has a seaboarder with Russia.

The United States of America

18 Февраля 2013, доклад

The vast and varied expanse of the United States of America stretches from the heavily industrialized, metropolitan Atlantic seaboard, across the rich flat farms of the central plains, over the majestic Rocky Mountains to the fertile, densely populated west coast, then halfway across the Pacific to the semi-tropical island-state of Hawaii. Without Hawaii and Alaska the continental U.S. measures 4,505 kilometres from its Atlantic to Pacific coasts, 2,574 kilometres from Canada to Mexico; it covers 9,372,614 square kilometres. In area, it is the fourth largest nation in the world (behind Russia, Canada and China).


10 Января 2014, контрольная работа

Топики по английскому языку с переводом на тему "США (история, города, традиции)"

The usage of different types of control in the lesson of Foreign Language.

15 Сентября 2014, курсовая работа

This paper deals with the different kinds of controls and the usage in the class (lesson) of foreign languages. The actuality of the properly organized control of pupils’ achievements gives the teacher an opportunity to get a clear idea of his pupils’ progress in foreign language learning. Analyzing the results of controls or testing, the teacher will see his shortcomings both in methods and techniques applied and in the progress of each pupil. It allows him to improve his own work. In this connection P. Olive writes, “A control measures not only the student’s performance but also the effectiveness of the teacher’s instruction. Control serves a diagnostic function.

The use of language in newspapers

07 Апреля 2013, курс лекций

English newspaper writing dates from the 17th century. The first newspapers carried only news, without comments, as commenting was considered to be against the principles of journalism. By the 19th century, newspaper language was recognized as a particular variety of style, characterized by a specific communicative purpose and its own system of language means.

The weak shall inherit the earth

12 Июня 2013, реферат

New government priorities and an enthusiasm for unconventional monetary policy are changing the way the currency markets work.
OVER most of history, most countries have wanted a strong currency—or at least a stable one. In the days of the gold standard and the Bretton Woods system, governments made great efforts to maintain exchange-rate pegs, even if the interest rates needed to do so prompted economic downturns. Only in exceptional economic circumstances, such as those of the 1930s and the 1970s, were those efforts deemed too painful and the pegs abandoned.

The woman in business

01 Декабря 2014, доклад

A business woman is both new and phenomenon. Lately the role of womеn in business was exceeded, has become more important. So what reasons prevent women to develop the abilities women have become practically equal to men in business how to resist to the stereotypes?!
The problem is urgent: success in business, in management doesn't depend on a sex of a businessman or a manager, the concept male and "female" business isn't so different from each other.

The World Customs Organization

12 Мая 2013, реферат

The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. The WCO is noted for its work in areas covering the development of international conventions, instruments, and tools on topics such as commodity classification, valuation, rules of origin, collection of customs revenue, supply chain security, international trade facilitation, customs enforcement activities, combating counterfeiting in support of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), integrity promotion, and delivering sustainable capacity building to assist with customs reforms and modernization. The WCO maintains the international Harmonized System (HS) goods nomenclature, and administers the technical aspects of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on Customs Valuation and Rules of Origin.

The World Trade Organization

21 Мая 2014, реферат

The World Trade Organization (WTO), is an international organization designed to supervise and liberalize international trade. The WTO came into being on January 1, 1995, and is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was created in 1947, and continued to operate for almost five decades as a de facto international organization.

Theme: Education in English-speaking countries

09 Октября 2014, лекция

Firstly we shall learn some new words on the topic “School Education”. Please, open your books on page 76 exercise 68, Let’s read and translate the words and word combinations. The teacher acquaints pupils with a new lexical material from an ex. 68, p. 76. Pupils read words and phrases aloud from this exercise one after another and translate them. Very well. You are good pupils.

Theoretical aspects of human capi tal and its role in economic process

19 Декабря 2014, курсовая работа

The concept of "human capital" becomes now of great importance not only for economists - theorists, but also for individual firms. Sharply increased interest in economics to human creative abilities, to the ways of their formation and development. Most companies begin to attach great importance to the accumulation of human capital as the most valuable of all types of capital. One way of accumulation of human capital is to invest in people and their health and education.

They make energy

09 Января 2014, доклад

Mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cells. They generate the energy that our cells need to do their jobs. For example, brain cells need a lot of energy to be able to communicate with each other and also to communicate with parts of the body that may be far away, to do this substances need to be transported along the cells, which needs lots of energy. Muscle fibres also need a lot of energy to help us to move, maintain our posture and lift objects.

This day in history

02 Марта 2014, статья

1598 –Boris Godunov became Russian Tsar. After the death of the childless Feodor on 7 January 1598, self-preservation as much as ambition led Boris to seize the throne. His election was proposed by Patriarch Job of Moscow, who believed that Boris was the one man capable of coping with the difficulties of the situation. Boris, however, would accept the throne only from the Zemsky Sobor, national assembly, which met on 17 February .
During the first years of his reign, he was both popular and prosperous, and ruled well. He recognized the need for Russia to catch up with the intellectual progress of the West and did his best to bring about educational and social reforms

Thomas Alva Edison

11 Февраля 2014, реферат

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an inventor and businessman who developed many important devices. "The Wizard of Menlo Park" was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production to the process of invention. In 1880 Edison founded the journal Science, which in 1900 became the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors, holding a record 1,093 patents in his name.

Thomas Coryate

18 Ноября 2013, биография

Thomas Coryate (1577-1617) - English traveler and writer, who lived during the late reign of Queen Elizabeth and the early reign of King James I. He was born in Somerset and after Glosesetr Hall (now Exeter College) was invited by Prince Henry - the elder son of James I - serve at the court of someone like "court jester".

Thrее-quartеrs of British childrеn cannot boil an еgg

24 Октября 2013, реферат

Thrее-quаrtеrs of British childrеn do not know how to boil an еgg, new resеarch shows.
Mаny youngstеrs havе no idеа how long thеy should lеave an еgg on thе hob for, with a quаrtеr beliеving it should rеmain in the sаucepan for аt leаst 10 minutes.
A further 12 per cent of children аdmitted that they did not hаve a clue.
The study also found that аlmost half of youngsters never or rаrely help prepаre evening meаls, even though аround а third of parents want them to take part.
Experts said that it is important to encourage children to take part in cooking as it helps them improve their mathematical skills.

Tim Burton and his creation

28 Ноября 2013, реферат

Tim Burton - one of the most extraordinary film director in Hollywood and the whole world. He convinced everyone that the world - is a magical thing, and every day going out of the ordinary madness. His films are so romantic, despite the fact that the full Gothic, and sometimes even blood. Only it turns out Mr. Burton combine incongruous, so make unusual ... And how do you know yourself in every action heroes, when you watch his films. Previously, he was just a freak unknown to anyone, and now he is the most eccentric genius in the world! Millions of people love him, worship him (it is the hope that I'm not the only one who prays to his picture: D), waiting for his new film

Tourism in Russia

04 Декабря 2012, сочинение

Russian tourism industry is growing fast after the collapse of Soviet Union in 1991. Almost all travel centers are concentrated in Moscow and Saint Petersburg cities because they have a lot of places of interest for travelers like Red Square and Kremlin in Moscow, Petropavlovskaya fortress and Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.

Traditions and Customs in Britain

28 Апреля 2015, контрольная работа

Every nation and every country has its own traditions. In Britain tradition play a more important part in the life of the people than in oth¬er countries.
The English are very proud of their traditions and carefully keep them. When you come to England you're struck at once by quite a num¬ber of customs. Some ceremonies are rather formal, such as the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace, Trooping the Colour, the State open¬ing of Parliament. Sometimes you will see a group of cavalrymen riding on black horses through the streets of Lon¬don.