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The educational system in Kazakhstan is conducted in two languages - Kazakh and Russian and consists of several levels of state and private educational establishments: infant schools, elementary (or primary) schools, comprehensive schools, colleges and academies. The constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan fixes the right of citizens of the republic on free-of-charge secondary education which is obligatory. The constitution prohibits any discrimination on the basis of language or ethnicity and guarantees equal rights in education regardless of nationality. Children start school at the age of 7 and finish at 17. As a rule a child attends the school, located in the neighborhood.
EDUCATION IN KAZAKHSTAN
Text: Education in Kazakhstan
Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense
The educational system in Kazakhstan is conducted in two languages - Kazakh and Russian and consists of several levels of state and private educational establishments: infant schools, elementary (or primary) schools, comprehensive schools, colleges and academies. The constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan fixes the right of citizens of the republic on free-of-charge secondary education which is obligatory. The constitution prohibits any discrimination on the basis of language or ethnicity and guarantees equal rights in education regardless of nationality. Children start school at the age of 7 and finish at 17. As a rule a child attends the school, located in the neighborhood. However, in big cities there are so-called special schools, offering more in depth studies of the major European languages (English, French, and German) or the advanced courses in physics and mathematics and children, attending one of this may have to commute from home. The first stage of education in Kazakhstan is elementary (or primary) school for grades one through four. The second is secondary school for middle grades from five through nine. Upon graduation from secondary school students are given the choice of either continuing to attend the same school (high school -senior grades 10-11) or entering a vocational or technical school. Both of these schools are meant to provide one, along with the certificate of secondary education with a number of useful skills (e.g. those of an electrician, technical or computer operators.) Having completed one's secondary education, one can either become a part of work force or go on college (institution of higher learning-Institute).
To be admitted to the institute one has to pass a series of oral or written tests. Students may get free-of-charge higher education in the higher educational institution and the limited number of the state grants is given each academic year on a competitive basis. Some college departments (law, journalism, foreign language-especially English) have dozens of applicants for one prospective student's position. The system of higher education prepares highly - skilled experts on economy, transport, agriculture, medicine, languages and others. Today the young people of Kazakhstan have the opportunity to choose and acquire various types of education and build their lives according to their ambitions.
Studying of foreign languages and development of computer skills of pupils is of a special importance. More opportunities appear for the interested persons to be trained abroad on the basis of local and state grants, scholarships and the student’s exchange programs.
1. Establishment (syn. institution)
2. infant school
3. comprehensive school
5. Free of - charge
7. to locate
8. to prohibit
13. to attend
15. according to
16.to carry out
за границей, за рубежом
19. to appear
Ex.1. Suggest the Russian for:
educational establishments; comprehension school; the right of citizens; on the competitive basis; regardless of nationality(независимо от национальности); highly - skilled experts; according to; equal rights; it is carried out on the basis; the same school; special importance(особое значение); for the interested persons; the student’s; exchange program; obligatory; to locate; higher educational institution; to be trained abroad; the limited number
Ex.2. Match the words having the same meaning:
1. to educate
5. Elementary school
a) Institution; b) stipend; c) primary school; d) to teach; e) compulsory
Ex.3. Match the following words and expressions from the list below.
Согласно; возможность; компьютерные навыки; развитие; общеобразовательная школа; посещать; обеспечивать; особенно; выполнять; умение,мастерство; учреждение; запрещать; бесплатный; за рубежом;
13)Free of charge; 3)computer skills; abroad; to provide; to carry out; to attend; comprehensive school; to prohibit; according to; establishment; development; especially; .opportunity; skill;
Ex.4. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word or phrase from the list below:
1. Secondary education is ….. in Kazakhstan.(secondary shool)
2. Entry to higher institution is quite….
3. The second is secondary school for middle grades from … through nine.
4. More opportunities appear for the interested persons to be trained abroad on the basis… … scholarships and the student’s exchange programs.
5 Studying of foreign languages and development …. of pupils is of a special importance.
6. The second stage of education in Kazakhstan is …….
7. Having completed secondary education one can enter …….
Competitive, of local and state grants, university, five, compulsory, secondary school, of computer skills.
Ex.5. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.
1. В Казахстане среднее
Ex.6. Answer the following questions.
1. What does the education system of Kazakhstan consist of?
2. At what age do children start school?
3. What is the first stage of education in Kazakhstan? What grades does it include?
4. What grades does secondary school include?
5. Is higher education paid or free-of-charge in Kazakhstan? How can a student get free-of-charge higher education?
Ex.7. Speak on the following sub-topics:
a) The levels of the educational system in Kazakhstan.
b) The system of higher education in our country.
GRAMMAR: The Present Perfect Tense
I have worked
He has worked
She has worked
It has worked
We have worked
You have worked
They have worked
I have not worked
He has not worked
She has not worked
It has not worked
We have not worked
You have not worked
They have not worked
Have I worked?
Has he worked?
Has she worked?
Has it worked?
Have we worked?
Have you worked?
Have they worked?
I’ve worked He’s worked I haven’t worked He hasn’t worked
Ex.6. Read the situation and then write a suitable sentence. Use the verb given in brackets.
Example: Hugh is listening to some music. It is a new cassette (buy). Hugh has bought a new cassette.
1. Andrew is sleeping soundly. It is late morning (oversleep)..... 2. You are going to sit down to dinner and discover there is no bread in the house. (Run out of). 3. We.... last weekend Gen went to the mountain-walking. Now she is in bed. (To catch a bad cold) 4. Your neighbors were playing their VCR very loud. Now it's quiet. (Switch off)
Ex.8. Answer the questions using the words given.
Example: Could you lend me your dictionary? (Sorry, I /just /give/it/to Mike) I Sorry. I've just given it to Mike.
1. Has Mother come from the market? (Yes/she/just/come/from the market) 2. Have you phoned Jack yet? (Yes /I/just /phone/him) 3. Would you like some coffee? (No thanks/I/just/have/a cup)
Ex.9. Put in been or gone.
Example: Where's Paul? - He has gone to the library.
We've been to the country today. Look, we've brought some flowers.
1. Where have you spent your holidays? - I've ... to Italy.
2. Are you going to the shops? - No, I've just ... to the shops.
3. Is Alex home? No, he's ... to the park.
4. Are they both out? - Yes, they've both ... to the market,
Ex.10. Make sentences with already and yet.
Example: Don't forget to pack some warm clothes. - I've already packed
Have you typed the letters yet? - Yes, I've already typed them.
Have you bought that dress? - No, I haven't bought it yet, but I'm going to
1. Why don't you have a bath?-.... .
2. Shall I buy some newspapers? - No,......
3. Have you asked Jim yet? - Yes ...
4. Have you invited Larry and Sue? - No, I, ... but I am ... .
5. Has the manager arrived yet? – Yes, .... .
6. Has Jill written to Dad? - No. she ... . But she ... tonight.
Ex.11. Use the words in brackets to make questions according to a pattern.
Example: (he/ever/paint/people). Has he ever painted people?
1. Have (you ever/be/to Scotland?).... .
2. Have (your parents/live/here all their lives?).... .
3. Have (you/hear/this concert?)... .
4. Have (how many times/you/ be married?).... .
5. Have (he/ever/meet/the President?).... .
6. Have (you/ever/visit/the White House?)... .
Ex.12. Translate the questions and answers.
Example: Когда ты в последний раз видел Аню? - Я не видел ее с мая.
When did you last see Ann? - I haven't seen her since May.
1. Когда в последний раз шел дождь? - Дождя не было целую вечность.
2. Когда они навещали вас в последний раз? - Они не навещали нас с июня.
3. Когда ты в последний
раз играл в теннис?— Я уже
давно не играл в
4. Когда ты в последний раз ела кокос? - Я никогда не ела кокос.
5. Когда ты в последний раз водил машину? - Я не водил машину много
6. Когда ты в последний раз ездил в Канаду? - Я никогда не ездил в Канаду.
EDUCATION IN KAZAKHSTAN
Text: Higher education in Kazakhstan
Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense
The Almaty State University named after Abai
In 2003 the Almaty State University (ASU) named after Abai celebrated its 75th anniversary. ASU is a classical higher education institution that gives its graduates fundamental educational and scientific training and a high level of general and professional culture.
The university has 10 departments that prepare highly qualified specialists in 94 specializations. The university offers instruction in the following languages: Kazakh, Russian, English, German, French, Arabic, Turkish, Chinese, Korean, Farsi, Uigur, etc. ASU successfully implements a multilevel system of higher education, which varies according to duration and level of training and includes educational and professional programs for secondary specialized education, higher and additional higher education, and retraining of specialists.
13 000 undergraduate students and 650 graduate and post-graduate students and university-fellows study at ASU named after Abai. Over one thousand of instructors work in 69 sub-faculties. They include 208 with doctorate degrees, 550 senior lecturers, 40 members and corresponding members of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the International Academy of Sciences of the Higher School. During the past 5 years 33 doctorate and 69 graduate theses were defended by university’s instructors.
During 2001, the university’s instructors presented 62 papers at international conferences in U.S.A., France, Germany, and Czech Republic, Japan, Holland, India and CIS countries. 34 papers were presented at republic-wide conferences. 11 and 15 works correspondingly were exhibited at international and republic-wide exhibitions. 63 monographs and 45 books were published, 6 certificates of authorship were received.
The president of the country, N.A.Nazarbaev referred to the role of the Kazakhstan's oldest higher education institution as the “leader of university education in the country”. The following are honorary professors of ASU named after Abai: President of Ukraine, L.D.Kuchma; President of Belarus, A.G.Lukashenko; President of Mongolia, N.Bagabandi; President of Georgia, E.A.Shevardnadze; President of International Academy of Sciences of the Higher School V.E. Shukshunov, and others.
Electronic textbooks, educational software and laboratory workshops on various subjects are created at the university. 27 modern computer classes with Internet access are functioning. ASU has specialized language auditoriums. There are 3 ultramodern language laboratories for 90 seats – a gift of the Japanese Embassy – and language laboratories for teaching French, Turkish, German, English, Arabic and Korean languages. Embassies of foreign countries provided educational literature and study methods, video and audio materials, videotape recorders, television sets, tape recorders and other equipment. There are 920 550 books in the library.
The university maintains contact with 35 higher education institutions of U.S.A., Germany, Holland, Russia, Austria, France, Italy, Turkey, Japan, South Korea and other countries. Its instructors and staff are involved in implementing projects of Tacis and Tempus, United States Information Agency, United States International Cooperation Agency, and Asian Development Bank.
During the last school year approximately 70 students and 40 instructors travelled abroad. Over 200 foreign citizens study at ASU.
The president of the university, Tokmukhamed Sadykov is a corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of the Higher School. He is a major organizer of the educational system and initiator of implementation of the best international educational standards in the Kazakhstan higher school.
Today, in the beginning of the 21st century, the Almaty State University named after Abai maintains its high status of Kazakhstan's first higher education institution, carrying on and multiplying its renowned traditions.
2. To offer
3. To implement
8. To publish
10. To create
11. To specialize
15. To carry on