Тест по дисциплине "Английский язык"

Автор работы: Пользователь скрыл имя, 29 Января 2015 в 18:33, тест

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Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.
Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.
Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

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Часть А

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Under new plans which (A1) ... by the Milan government, the city centre (A2) ... of pigeons. Around half of the city's pigeons will be captured and removed to the countryside. The idea (A3) ... forward by the environment official of Milan who is concerned by complaints that the pigeons' droppings (A4) ... the historical monuments and churches of the city. The pigeons are also blamed by health officials for carrying a tick (клещ) which (A5)... allergies.

Fanners are now unhappy at the thought that a large number of pigeons (A6) ... from the city to the country and they predict the loss of their crops. However, the Milan authorities (A7) ... to a decision to rid the city of its pigeon problem. The environment official said that serious measures (A8) ... by the government by the end of the year.


  1. are recently proposed
  1. have recently proposed
  1. recently proposed
  1. have recently been proposed


  1. will soon be cleared
  1. is soon clearing
  1. has soon been cleared
  1. will soon have cleared


  1. puts
  1. has been put
  1. is putting
  1. had been put


  1. had gradually destroyed
  1. are gradually being destroyed
  1. are gradually destroying
  1. have gradually been destroyed


1) would cause


3) is caused

3) would be taking


1) will bring

2) will be brought

3) are bringing

4) causes


  1. had come already

1) will have taken

  1. have already come
  1. came already


  1. were already coming

2) will be taken

4) would have been taken

4) had been brought

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Of (А9) ... five senses, (A10) ... smell is probably the one that you value the least. Yet your sense of smell is the most direct link between the brain and the outside world. It takes two seconds for a smell to enter the nose and travel to (A11)... part of the brain which controls emotions and memories. Exactly how your sense of smell influences your emotions, however, is not fully understood.

Nevertheless, a sense of smell can even influence your relationships (A12) ... other people. Apparently, you fall in love through your nose, not your eyes or your ears.

Moreover, 84 per cent of people who were taking part (A13) ... one famous study said they were more likely to buy (A14) ... particular brand of trainers, when they were placed in a room smelling (A15) ... flowers. This kind of knowledge can be used to influence people's spending habits (A16) ... a sub-conscious level, and could obviously be useful in selling all sorts of things from clothing to cars.


1) a

2) an

3) the

4) -


1) a

2) an

3) the

4) -


1) a

2) an

3) the

4) -


1) with

2) to

3) for

4) at


1) at

2) on

3) to

4) in


1) a

2) an

3) the

4) -


1) of

2) with

3) by

4) -


1) in

2) at

3) of

4) with

Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

А17. Many people know that chocolate contains some stimulants which help concentration and make ... better.

1) us to feel

2) us feeling

3) us feel

4) we feel

A18. While walking along the streets, we stopped ... pictures of the old buildings.

1) to take

2) take

3) taking

4) took

A19. The people gathered a few hours before the pop concert began ... they could get the best view of the stage.

1) so as

2) so that

3) as soon as

4) in order

A20. The noise from the motorway traffic was ... than I thought.

1) much loudly

2) far more louder

3) a lot louder

4) far more loud

A21. The long walk in the crisp autumn countryside has given ... faces a healthy pink glow.

1) ZoeandAnn

2) Zoe'sand Ann's

3) Zoe and Ann's

4) Zoe's and Ann

Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

А22. The majority of workers finds (1) it quite hard (2) to live on (3) the amount of money they earn (4).

A23. By the late fiftieth (1) scientists had already collected (2) enough evidence (3) to show a clear link between (4) smoking and cancer.

A24. It's no doubt (1) that this new type of tyre (2) represents a major advance (3) in road safety (4).

A25. I have some research (1) to do (2) before I lie the case (3) before the committee (4).

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Are you a fan of the popular logical puzzle that (A26) ... by the name Sudoku? Even if you are not, the chances are you know somebody who is. Once hardly known outside Japan, this addictive (A27) ... teaser has become a common feature of newspaper puzzle pages all over the world.

Sudoku's great success owes much to its simplicity. The game (A28) ... for neither mathematical ability nor (A29) ... knowledge. The only skill required is the ability to (A30) ... the difference between nine different symbols.

Some clever marketing has helped the game. Western newspapers worked hard at promoting the game. Without this, it is unlikely that it would have taken off and become quite such a runaway success. The game also (A31) ... from its Japanese name that made people in many parts of the world (A32) ... it as a superior kind of puzzle compared to those you usually find in newspapers and magazines.


1) becomes

2) grows

3) turns

4) goes


1) brain

2) mind

3) head

4) intellect


1) expects

2) demands

3) calls

4) requests


1) general

2) normal

3) usual

4) ordinary


1) copy

2) match

3) watch

4) recognise


1) suffered

2) improved

3) benefited

4) increased


1) believe

2) regard

3) look

4) suppose

Выберите ответную реплику, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной реплике-стимулу.

А33. It's very kind of you, you really shouldn't have bothered.

  1. Don't worry, I won't. 3) It doesn't matter.
  2. No, not at all. 4) It was nothing, really.

Выберите реплику-стимул, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной ответной реплике. А34. May I see your receipt?

1) I bought the colour TV here last week, but I am not satisfied with picture. May I have my money back?

  1. Do you have the remedy I need?
  2. I'd like to buy this TV, but I'm not sure whether I have enough money.
  3. Can I pay by credit card?

A35. So have we.

  1. They've bought a new house in the country.
  2. They have no money on them.
  3. They have never been to France.
  4. They have to change almost everything there.

Прочитайте текст и выберите вариант ответа, соответствующий содержанию прочитанного текста. Укажите номер выбранного варианта в бланке ответов.

§1. Thirty-five years ago, Malcolm Burwell was a very successful young actor appearing in a number of series on British television. He was lucky, he'd made it to the top quite quickly and had plenty of work. Hollywood directors had even begun to suggest that he might like to think of making his fortune across the Atlantic. But two things made Malcolm think twice about these offers. He didn't want to move his young family to the USA, and a mystery illness was beginning to throw his whole future into doubt.

§2. Malcolm had a problem with his voice. It began to grow steadily weaker and weaker until hospital treatment became necessary. Before this finally took effect, however, he found he could hardly talk. As he remembers, 'When you are in danger of losing something central to your career, it makes you think very hard. I have to say I learnt a lot from the experience. My voice recovered, but it taught me the importance of getting the best out of what you've got. As it got better and stronger, I started doing things like public readings of poetry and pieces of literature, just to use it professionally again.' This turned out to be the start of a whole new direction for his career. So popular have these readings become, that Malcolm is now extremely familiar to people as the voice on a number of readings of best-selling books which have been recorded on to tape. Instantly recognisable, his voice is now a much sought-after commodity (товар).

§3. Malcolm first approached publishers with the idea of selling books on tape all those years ago. At first, they said that only blind people listened to books on tape. But times were changing and when he did eventually convince one of them to try it, instant success followed. Now the market for such tapes in Britain is worth £25 million a year.

§4. Although Malcolm continues to work in television and theatre, it is his readings of literature that have really made him famous. When he is recording Malcolm uses his voice to give an impression of the different characters. 'I don't try to convince the audience that I am an 11-year-old boy at one moment and his grandfather the next,' he says, 'but I use my voice to try and make the listener believe that I've really got a story to tell them rather than just a book to read out.'

§5. Malcolm carefully does his homework on any book he has agreed to record, although he knows some actors do not. He tells the story of one well-known British actor whose enthusiastic producer commented on what a great thriller it was they were about to record. 'Is it?' said the actor, opening the script for the first time. All very well,' says Malcolm, 'until you discover on page two hundred that the character you've given a Scottish accent to is supposed to come from Wales!'

A36. Why did Malcolm not go to the USA thirty-five years ago?

  1. His family opposed it.
  2. The offers weren't good enough.
  3. He was in poor health.

A37. How did Malcolm's illness affect his career?

  1. He could no longer do certain types of work.
  2. He had to be very careful when using his voice.
  3. It made him appreciate his voice more.

A38. How did publishers react initially to the idea of books on tape?

  1. They thought the market was limited.
  2. They thought nobody would buy them.
  3. They were keen to open up a new market.

A39. When recording, Malcolm is keen to convince his listeners that

  1. different people are reading the story.
  2. he is actually telling them a story.
  3. the events are really happening.

Определите значение указанного слова в тексте.

А40. fortune (§1)

1) property

2) application

3) name

A41. much sought-after (§2)

1) entirely forgotten

2) rarely used

3) in great demand

Выберите правильный вариант перевода (1, 2 или 3) в соответствии с содержанием текста.

А42. Before this finally took effect (§2)

  1. До того, как лечение наконец дало положительные результаты,....
  2. Прежде всего, это в конце возымело действие,....
  3. Прежде, чем эта необходимость в конечном счете произвела эффект,....

Прочитайте текст. Подберите заголовок к каждому абзацу в соответствии с его содержанием. Укажите номер выбранного варианта в бланке ответов.

(А43) ___We are certain to see many exciting changes in home design soon. There are four main reasons why these changes will come about. We will be increasingly concerned about the environment; conventional energy sources will become expensive; we will probably become even more worried about security, and, above all, we will want to take advantage of 'smart' computer technology in home design.

(A44) ___ The future will see the appearance of the intelligent house. To be able to look after itself, the house will require a network of electronic sensors to send information back to the central computer, enabling the house to monitor the inside temperature and humidity, and to ensure that the optimum levels of both are maintained. The house will also work out when it is time to water the garden, basing its decision on the levels of moisture in the flower beds and the lawn.

(A45) ___ Future houses will not need to rely on their occupants to protect them against burglary by bolting doors and locking windows, because they will be able to protect themselves. Once the central computer learns that there is nobody at home, it will close any windows that may have been left open, lock all the doors and keep an eye out for burglars. If anyone tries to break in, it will alert the police or a security company.

(A46) ___ So far, we have made the minimal use of solar energy in the average home, except for heating water in some of the sunnier countries. This is bound to change, however, as it becomes more anti-social to burn oil or even gas, and conventional fuels become more expensive as their supply starts to run out. In order to trap the maximum amount of available sunlight, it will be necessary to cover the exterior walls of houses with large areas of glazing. Consequently, the appearance of such homes will be dominated by large portions of glass.

(A47) ___ New man-made materials will be used in house construction to cut down heat loss to the absolute minimum. The next generation of cooking appliances will require far less power than the appliances now to be found in homes. Computerised control will drastically reduce the amount of water used by the average household: dishwashers and washing machines will have to become much more efficient, as will showers and toilets.

(A48) ___ Architects' visions of future urban landscapes with ultra high-rise towers connected by aerial travel ways are slowly giving way to an alternative image of communities of small, secure, self-contained living units. The majority of the public obviously dislike tower-block flats and would clearly prefer their own front door. It seems, therefore, that despite all the high-tech features of the homes of the future, essentially, we may go back to the idea of the traditional house.

Подберите заголовки к абзацам А43-А45 из предложенных (1-4). Один заголовок является лишним.

  1. Keeping you safe and sound
  1. Computers will replace residents
  1. New directions in home design
  1. Keeping an eye on how things are running

Подберите заголовки к абзацам А46-А48 из предложенных (1-4). Один заголовок является лишним.

  1. Returning to the past
  1. Saving valuable resources
  1. Houses will look very different
  1. Expensive and high-tech

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